The short-eared dog (Atelocynus microtis), also known as the short-eared fox or the short-eared zorro, is a unique and elusive canid species endemic to the Amazonian basin.
It can be found in the Amazon rainforest region of South America (in Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and possible Venezuela). It lives in various parts of the rainforest environment, preferring areas with little human disturbance, as well as in swamp forest, stands of bamboo, and cloud forest.
This wild dog is mainly a carnivore, with fish, insects, and small mammals making up the majority of its diet. It competes for food with the Jaguar, Cougar, Ocelot, Margay and Giant Otter, and competes for territory with the Bush Dog.
The short-eared dog has a distinctive fox-like muzzle and bushy tail. Its paws are partly webbed, owing to its partly aquatic habitat.
It moves with feline lightness unparalleled among the other canids. Its possesses a large elongated head and long canine teeth, protruding even when its muzzle is closed. Like all canids, it has 42 teeth.
It is considered endangered.